Parts of a Tennis Racket | Tennis Racquet Explained with Anatomy

It is important to get familiar with the different parts of a tennis racket, especially when you are a beginner player. It’s important because, later, when you will be learning advanced tennis techniques, this knowledge will help you there as well.

Moreover, when you are going to get training from a professional tennis coach, they will be using such terms. So, it is also important to have a better understanding of parts of a tennis racquet so you don’t have to struggle with terms and rather you can focus on your game and practice.

On the other hand, getting familiar with the racket can also help you have the right one when trying to replace or buy a new racquet. Having the right equipment can help you produce a good game.

Enough introduction, right?

Let’s dive into the details, without further ado!

In this article, I am going to talk about every component of a tennis racket in detail so that next time you pick up a racket, you will have the knowledge of its every component.

From the parts of a racket, dimensions, frame, size, and weight, to a lot more. I will give you a thorough guide about the materials used for rackets as well.

Before starting with details, let me mention the names of fragments of a racket first. Generally, the parts of a racket include butt, butt cap, handle, grip, grip tape, collar, bevels, shaft, throat, head, rim/frame, beam, grommets, grommet strip, bumper guard, strings (main and cross), sweet spot, and dampeners.

Parts of a Tennis Racket | Racquet Anatomy

The diagram of a tennis racket with different fragments labeled is given below.

Diagram of Parts of a Tennis Racket
Diagram of a Tennis Racquet

Let us now look into the details of each one.

1. Beam


It is the width of the head of the racket. The weight and power of the racket depend on the beam of the racket. The more the width of the racket is the more it weighs. More weight means more power and stiffness of the frame.

The less width means that the weight of the racket is less. A smaller beam offers more control which means this type of racket is not stiff but rather flexible.

Now it is all up to you which racket you can handle easily. However, beginners should use a lightweight racket because gives a light feel on the arm and helps reduce the chances of tennis elbow.

2. Bumper Guard

Bumper Guard

The bumper guard is a part of the racket head that keeps the racket safe from breaking, scratching, and roughening. It assures the tennis racket from getting damaged.

Tip: Keep changing/replacing the bumper guard from time to time to keep the racket frame in good condition otherwise the frame may break.

3. Butt


The butt is located at the end of the racket’s handle. The main job of this part is to improve the grip. It lets the player hold the racket firmly.

4. Butt Cap

Butt Cap

The butt cap is the lid of the butt placed at the end of the racket’s handle. It is made up of plastic. Usually, the brands place their logos here. This is a removable cap. Some players remove this butt cap and add weights inside the racket to make it heavy and balanced.

5. Dampeners

Another addition to your racket is the dampeners. These are normally composed of rubber or silicon. It reduces the vibrations when the ball touches the sweet spot of the racket.

Generally, dampeners are installed additionally to arm-friendly racquets to make them easy on the arm.

6. Grip


For a better hold, the tennis companies provide a good grip on the racket handles. This grip can also be installed additionally depending on the player’s preferences. Some players cover their gripping area with tape to increase the thickness.

When choosing a grip, make sure it has enough traction so you can have a firm grip otherwise it will keep slipping when it gets sweaty.

7. Grommets


The grommets are tiny pieces of plastic located at the end of the strings near the frame. These are helpful to keep the strings from stroking with the racket frame and moving freely.

If the strings move freely, it means more power the racket offers. So, next time you are looking to choose a power racquet, then make sure the grommets are wider.

On the other hand, higher grommets mean strings are not allowed to move freely. As a result, it offers more control.

8. Handle


It is the part from where you grasp the racket. It is the segment of the racket where you position your hand to swing it. The size of the grip also defines how comfortable you are while holding it. The handle of a racket should be handy, comfortable, and grippable.

Tip: Choose a racket with a handle neither too small nor too large. Because a racquet will largely handle generates more vibration that can lead to tennis elbow or other injuries.

9. Head


It is the oval frame of the racket. If the head or the tennis frame is big that means better performance. However, the big frame rackets are not easy to handle.

On the other hand, a small tennis frame means less power and easy control. As a rule of thumb, the bigger the head is, the more power it offers. A smaller head means more control. Therefore, it is now very easy to decide which racket suits you best.

The head of the racket plays a great role in the performance and it is the main part that plays a greater role in the power.

Generally, racquet comes with a head in different sizes ranging from 90 to 110 square inches, there are also racquets with much bigger heads. A bigger head means more sweetspot and a higher margin of error.

10. Rim


It is the external corner of the racket head. It is the part where the racket strings are fixed. The rim of the racket is the main component that forms the head.

It is specially made strong to enhance the racket performance. The rim of the racket has specific dimensions.

11. Rubber Collar

Racket Rubber Collar

The rubber collar provides the finishing and security to the overgrip. It is not important but it is preferred for its security. The additional tape a player adds to the racket handle is covered with this rubber collar.

12. Shaft

The portion between the head and handle is called the shaft. It connects the handle to the head. It is also connected to the throat. The throat can be either opened or closed.

13. Strings


Strings are the most important part of a racket. They are installed to the head of the racket and as a result, it creates a hitting area where the tennis balls strike. Strings come in various types natural gut, synthetic gut, and so many others.

The crisscross pattern allows the contact of the ball and the racket. This helps you hit the ball with efficiency and in the desired direction. It is a netted region that has the appropriate amount of string tension.

There are two types in which the strings of the racket are knotted to the frame.

  1. Main
  2. Cross

Main Strings

These are the vertical strings from the top of the edge to the bottom. These are organized in an upright or perpendicular direction to the frame.

These strings are tied at first and each string is uniform in pattern. This makes a correct sequence. The main rule says to keep the mains tighter than the cross ones.

Cross Strings

These are the horizontal strings placed after the vertical or mains. They are tied a bit more loosely than the mains.

14. Throat

Racket Throat

A triangular area located just above the shaft is called a throat. It can be either opened or closed. Generally, today’s racquets come only in the open-throat style. While in the past, we have seen racquets with closed throats as well.

The open throat allows air passage which makes the racquet easy to swing. It doesn’t allow excessive air causing the racket to drag while swinging.

Moreover, this area also determines the flexibility of the racquet.

15. Bevels

Racket Bevels

Bevels are located at the handle of the racquet. A standard racquet comes with 8 bevels. The main job of bevels is to avoid twisting or rotation of the racquet during the play. In other words, bevels help to have a firm grip.

Bevels also help to have different types of grips like continental, western, or semi-western grips.

16. Sweetspot

Sweetspot is the ideal place at the center of the strings. A player tries to hit the ball in this area because if the ball strikes this region, it will produce more power and less vibration. We can also call it the center of percussion (COP).


When it comes to learning anything new or improving your current skills in any field, the first step is to learn about it in detail. The same rule applies in tennis. To learn more about tennis and improve your game, then you must have in-depth knowledge about tennis gear.

As the main equipment in this sport is a racket, so, learning details about it is the first and foremost step to developing new skills and improving your current ones. That’s why we have created this detailed guide about the different parts of a tennis racket. It is as important as knowing about the tennis court.

I hope you must have learned a lot more news about your racket. Is it correct? Let us know in the comments section.

For your convenience, here is the list of parts of a tennis racket again.

  • Beam
  • Bumper Guard
  • Butt
  • Butt Cap
  • Dampeners
  • Grip & Grip Tape
  • Grommets
  • Handle
  • Head
  • Rim
  • Rubber Collar
  • Shaft
  • Strings
  • Throat
  • Bevels
  • Sweetspot

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the 3 main parts of a tennis racket?

The 3 main parts of a tennis racket are the head, the shaft, and the handle. All other parts come in between these major parts.

2. What are tennis rackets made of?

Tennis rackets are made of composite materials that include graphite, aluminum in various alloys, steel, and kevlar. However, the main material is graphite.

3. What is the role of a dampener in a tennis racket?

A dampener is a small, rubberized cushion that can be attached to the bottom of the handle. It’s typically used to reduce the unwanted vibrations generated by the frame to avoid possible arm and wrist injuries.

4. What is a grommet?

A grommet is a small piece of material or thread that keeps the string attached to the eyelets on both ends of a tennis racket. It allows moving the strings freely to generate more power during the ball’s contact.

5. How do you label tennis rackets?

Tennis rackets are often labeled by the manufacturer’s code. This code will typically identify a particular type of racket, such as a Wilson racket.


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